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Jacksonville is the largest city in the state of Florida and the county seat of Duval County. About 25 miles south of the Georgia border, Jacksonville is in the First Coast region of northeast Florida. The city is centered on the banks of the St. Johns River, which flows north and empties into the Atlantic Ocean about 20 miles east of downtown. The settlement that became Jacksonville was founded in 1791 as Cowford, The city was renamed in 1822 for Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the Florida Territory and eventual seventh President of the United States.
Since 1968, Jacksonville has shared a consolidated government with the county, making Jacksonville the largest city in land area in the contiguous United States. In 2006, Jacksonville proper had an estimated population of 834,789 with a metropolitan population of more than 1.3 million. Jacksonville is the third most populated city on the East Coast, after New York City and Philadelphia. It is the central city of the Jacksonville Metropolitan Statistical Area, the fourth largest metropolitan area in the state.
Jacksonville is the largest city in the contiguous United States in land area, a major port, the insurance and financial center of the state, site of U.S. Navy bases and the home of the National Football League’s Jacksonville Jaguars.